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Angular workspace configuration

A file named angular.json at the root level of an Angular workspace provides workspace-wide and project-specific configuration defaults for build and development tools provided by the Angular CLI. Path values given in the configuration are relative to the root workspace folder.

Overall JSON structure

At the top-level of angular.json, a few properties configure the workspace and a projects section contains the remaining per-project configuration options. You can override CLI defaults set at the workspace level through defaults set at the project level. You can also override defaults set at the project level using the command line.

The following properties, at the top-level of the file, configure the workspace.

  • version: The configuration-file version.
  • newProjectRoot: Path where new projects are created. Absolute or relative to the workspace folder.
  • defaultProject: Default project name to use in commands, where not provided as an argument. When you use ng new to create a new application in a new workspace, that application is the default project for the workspace until you change it here.
  • cli : A set of options that customize the Angular CLI. See the CLI configuration options section.
  • schematics : A set of schematics that customize the ng generate sub-command option defaults for this workspace. See the Generation schematics section.
  • projects : Contains a subsection for each project (library or application) in the workspace, with the per-project configuration options.

The initial application that you create with ng new app_name is listed under "projects":

"projects": {
  "app_name": {
    ...
  }
  ...
}

When you create a library project with ng generate library, the library project is also added to the projects section.

NOTE: The projects section of the configuration file does not correspond exactly to the workspace file structure.

  • The initial application created by ng new is at the top level of the workspace file structure.
  • Additional applications and libraries go into a projects folder in the workspace.

For more information, see Workspace and project file structure.

CLI configuration options

The following configuration properties are a set of options that customize the Angular CLI.

Property Description Value Type
analytics Share anonymous usage data with the Angular Team. boolean | ci
analyticsSharing A set of analytics sharing options. Analytics sharing options
cache Control persistent disk cache used by Angular CLI Builders. Cache options
defaultCollection The default schematics collection to use. string
packageManager The preferred package manager tool to use. npm | cnpm | pnpm | yarn
warnings Control CLI specific console warnings. Warnings options

Analytics sharing options

Property Description Value Type
tracking Analytics sharing info tracking ID. string
uuid Analytics sharing info UUID (Universally Unique Identifier). string

Cache options

Property Description Value Type Default Value
enabled Configure whether disk caching is enabled. boolean true
environment Configure in which environment disk cache is enabled. local | ci | all local
path The directory used to stored cache results. string .angular/cache

Warnings options

Property Description Value Type Default Value
versionMismatch Show a warning when the global Angular CLI version is newer than the local one. boolean true

Project configuration options

The following top-level configuration properties are available for each project, under projects:<project_name>.

"my-app": {
  "root": "",
  "sourceRoot": "src",
  "projectType": "application",
  "prefix": "app",
  "schematics": {},
  "architect": {}
}
PROPERTY DESCRIPTION
root The root folder for this project's files, relative to the workspace folder. Empty for the initial app, which resides at the top level of the workspace.
sourceRoot The root folder for this project's source files.
projectType One of "application" or "library". An application can run independently in a browser, while a library cannot.
prefix A string that Angular prepends to generated selectors. Can be customized to identify an application or feature area.
schematics A set of schematics that customize the ng generate sub-command option defaults for this project. See the Generation schematics section.
architect Configuration defaults for Architect builder targets for this project.

Generation schematics

Angular generation schematics are instructions for modifying a project by adding files or modifying existing files. Individual schematics for the default Angular CLI ng generate sub-commands are collected in the package @schematics/angular. Specify the schematic name for a subcommand in the format schematic-package:schematic-name; for example, the schematic for generating a component is @schematics/angular:component.

The JSON schemas for the default schematics used by the CLI to generate projects and parts of projects are collected in the package @schematics/angular. The schema describes the options available to the CLI for each of the ng generate sub-commands, as shown in the --help output.

The fields given in the schema correspond to the allowed argument values and defaults for the CLI sub-command options. You can update your workspace schema file to set a different default for a sub-command option.

Project tool configuration options

Architect is the tool that the CLI uses to perform complex tasks, such as compilation and test running. Architect is a shell that runs a specified builder to perform a given task, according to a target configuration. You can define and configure new builders and targets to extend the CLI. See Angular CLI Builders.

Default Architect builders and targets

Angular defines default builders for use with specific CLI commands, or with the general ng run command. The JSON schemas that define the options and defaults for each of these default builders are collected in the @angular-devkit/build-angular package. The schemas configure options for the following builders.

Configuring builder targets

The architect section of angular.json contains a set of Architect targets. Many of the targets correspond to the CLI commands that run them. Some additional predefined targets can be run using the ng run command, and you can define your own targets.

Each target object specifies the builder for that target, which is the npm package for the tool that Architect runs. In addition, each target has an options section that configures default options for the target, and a configurations section that names and specifies alternative configurations for the target. See the example in Build target below.

"architect": {
  "build": {},
  "serve": {},
  "e2e" : {},
  "test": {},
  "lint": {},
  "extract-i18n": {},
  "server": {},
  "app-shell": {}
}
  • The architect/build section configures defaults for options of the ng build command. See the Build target section for more information.
  • The architect/serve section overrides build defaults and supplies additional serve defaults for the ng serve command. In addition to the options available for the ng build command, it adds options related to serving the application.
  • The architect/e2e section overrides build-option defaults for building end-to-end testing applications using the ng e2e command.
  • The architect/test section overrides build-option defaults for test builds and supplies additional test-running defaults for the ng test command.
  • The architect/lint section configures defaults for options of the ng lint command, which performs code analysis on project source files.
  • The architect/extract-i18n section configures defaults for options of the ng extract-i18n command, which extracts marked message strings from source code and outputs translation files.
  • The architect/server section configures defaults for creating a Universal application with server-side rendering, using the ng run <project>:server command.
  • The architect/app-shell section configures defaults for creating an application shell for a progressive web application (PWA), using the ng run <project>:app-shell command.

In general, the options for which you can configure defaults correspond to the command options listed in the CLI reference page for each command. NOTE: All options in the configuration file must use camelCase, rather than dash-case.

Build target

The architect/build section configures defaults for options of the ng build command. It has the following top-level properties.

PROPERTY DESCRIPTION
builder The npm package for the build tool used to create this target. The default builder for an application (ng build myApp) is @angular-devkit/build-angular:browser, which uses the webpack package bundler. NOTE: A different builder is used for building a library (ng build myLib).
options This section contains default build target options, used when no named alternative configuration is specified. See the Default build targets section.
configurations This section defines and names alternative configurations for different intended destinations. It contains a section for each named configuration, which sets the default options for that intended environment. See the Alternate build configurations section.

Alternate build configurations

Angular CLI comes with two build configurations: production and development. By default, the ng build command uses the production configuration, which applies a number of build optimizations, including:

  • Bundling files
  • Minimizing excess whitespace
  • Removing comments and dead code
  • Rewriting code to use short, mangled names (minification)

You can define and name additional alternate configurations (such as stage, for instance) appropriate to your development process. Some examples of different build configurations are stable, archive, and next used by AIO itself, and the individual locale-specific configurations required for building localized versions of an application. For details, see Internationalization (i18n).

You can select an alternate configuration by passing its name to the --configuration command line flag.

You can also pass in more than one configuration name as a comma-separated list. For example, to apply both stage and fr build configurations, use the command ng build --configuration stage,fr. In this case, the command parses the named configurations from left to right. If multiple configurations change the same setting, the last-set value is the final one. So in this example, if both stage and fr configurations set the output path the value in fr would get used.

Additional build and test options

The configurable options for a default or targeted build generally correspond to the options available for the ng build, ng serve, and ng test commands. For details of those options and their possible values, see the CLI Reference.

Some additional options can only be set through the configuration file, either by direct editing or with the ng config command.

OPTIONS PROPERTIES DESCRIPTION
assets An object containing paths to static assets to add to the global context of the project. The default paths point to the project's icon file and its assets folder. See more in the Assets configuration section.
styles An array of style files to add to the global context of the project. Angular CLI supports CSS imports and all major CSS preprocessors: sass/scss and less. See more in the Styles and scripts configuration section.
stylePreprocessorOptions An object containing option-value pairs to pass to style preprocessors. See more in the Styles and scripts configuration section.
scripts An object containing JavaScript script files to add to the global context of the project. The scripts are loaded exactly as if you had added them in a <script> tag inside index.html. See more in the Styles and scripts configuration section.
budgets Default size-budget type and thresholds for all or parts of your application. You can configure the builder to report a warning or an error when the output reaches or exceeds a threshold size. See Configure size budgets. (Not available in test section.)
fileReplacements An object containing files and their compile-time replacements. See more in Configure target-specific file replacements.

Complex configuration values

The options assets, styles, and scripts can have either simple path string values, or object values with specific fields. The sourceMap and optimization options can be set to a simple Boolean value with a command flag, but can also be given a complex value using the configuration file. The following sections provide more details of how these complex values are used in each case.

Assets configuration

Each build target configuration can include an assets array that lists files or folders you want to copy as-is when building your project. By default, the src/assets/ folder and src/favicon.ico are copied over.

"assets": [
  "src/assets",
  "src/favicon.ico"
]

To exclude an asset, you can remove it from the assets configuration.

You can further configure assets to be copied by specifying assets as objects, rather than as simple paths relative to the workspace root. A asset specification object can have the following fields.

  • glob: A node-glob using input as base directory.
  • input: A path relative to the workspace root.
  • output: A path relative to outDir (default is dist/project-name). Because of the security implications, the CLI never writes files outside of the project output path.
  • ignore: A list of globs to exclude.
  • followSymlinks: Allow glob patterns to follow symlink directories. This allows subdirectories of the symlink to be searched. Defaults to false.

For example, the default asset paths can be represented in more detail using the following objects.

"assets": [
  {
    "glob": "**/*",
    "input": "src/assets/",
    "output": "/assets/"
  },
  {
    "glob": "favicon.ico",
    "input": "src/",
    "output": "/"
  }
]

You can use this extended configuration to copy assets from outside your project. For example, the following configuration copies assets from a node package:

"assets": [
  {
    "glob": "**/*",
    "input": "./node_modules/some-package/images",
    "output": "/some-package/"
  }
]

The contents of node_modules/some-package/images/ will be available in dist/some-package/.

The following example uses the ignore field to exclude certain files in the assets folder from being copied into the build:

"assets": [
  {
    "glob": "**/*",
    "input": "src/assets/",
    "ignore": ["**/*.svg"],
    "output": "/assets/"
  }
]

Styles and scripts configuration

An array entry for the styles and scripts options can be a simple path string, or an object that points to an extra entry-point file. The associated builder will load that file and its dependencies as a separate bundle during the build. With a configuration object, you have the option of naming the bundle for the entry point, using a bundleName field.

The bundle is injected by default, but you can set inject to false to exclude the bundle from injection. For example, the following object values create and name a bundle that contains styles and scripts, and excludes it from injection:

"styles": [
  {
    "input": "src/external-module/styles.scss",
    "inject": false,
    "bundleName": "external-module"
  }
],
"scripts": [
  {
    "input": "src/external-module/main.js",
    "inject": false,
    "bundleName": "external-module"
  }
]

You can mix simple and complex file references for styles and scripts.

"styles": [
  "src/styles.css",
  "src/more-styles.css",
  { "input": "src/lazy-style.scss", "inject": false },
  { "input": "src/pre-rename-style.scss", "bundleName": "renamed-style" },
]

Style preprocessor options

In Sass you can make use of the includePaths functionality for both component and global styles, which allows you to add extra base paths that will be checked for imports.

To add paths, use the stylePreprocessorOptions option:

"stylePreprocessorOptions": {
  "includePaths": [
    "src/style-paths"
  ]
}

Files in that folder, such as src/style-paths/_variables.scss, can be imported from anywhere in your project without the need for a relative path:

// src/app/app.component.scss
// A relative path works
@import '../style-paths/variables';
// But now this works as well
@import 'variables';

NOTE: You will also need to add any styles or scripts to the test builder if you need them for unit tests. See also Using runtime-global libraries inside your app.

Optimization configuration

The optimization browser builder option can be either a Boolean or an Object for more fine-tune configuration. This option enables various optimizations of the build output, including:

  • Minification of scripts and styles
  • Tree-shaking
  • Dead-code elimination
  • Inlining of critical CSS
  • Fonts inlining

There are several options that can be used to fine-tune the optimization of an application.

Option Description Value Type Default Value
scripts Enables optimization of the scripts output. boolean true
styles Enables optimization of the styles output. boolean | Styles optimization options true
fonts Enables optimization for fonts. NOTE: This requires internet access. boolean | Fonts optimization options true

Styles optimization options

Option Description Value Type Default Value
minify Minify CSS definitions by removing extraneous whitespace and comments, merging identifiers and minimizing values. boolean true
inlineCritical Extract and inline critical CSS definitions to improve First Contentful Paint. boolean true

Fonts optimization options

Option Description Value Type Default Value
inline Reduce render blocking requests by inlining external Google Fonts and Adobe Fonts CSS definitions in the application's HTML index file. NOTE: This requires internet access. boolean true

You can supply a value such as the following to apply optimization to one or the other:

"optimization": {
  "scripts": true,
  "styles": {
    "minify": true,
    "inlineCritical": true
  },
  "fonts": true
}

For Universal, you can reduce the code rendered in the HTML page by setting styles optimization to true.

Source map configuration

The sourceMap browser builder option can be either a Boolean or an Object for more fine-tune configuration to control the source maps of an application.

Option Description Value Type Default Value
scripts Output source maps for all scripts. boolean true
styles Output source maps for all styles. boolean true
vendor Resolve vendor packages source maps. boolean false
hidden Output source maps used for error reporting tools. boolean false

The example below shows how to toggle one or more values to configure the source map outputs:

"sourceMap": {
  "scripts": true,
  "styles": false,
  "hidden": true,
  "vendor": true
}

When using hidden source maps, source maps will not be referenced in the bundle. These are useful if you only want source maps to map error stack traces in error reporting tools, but don't want to expose your source maps in the browser developer tools.

Last reviewed on Thu Oct 14 2021

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://angular.io/guide/workspace-config