Property binding best practices

By following a few guidelines, you can use property binding in a way that helps you reduce bugs and keep your code readable.

See the for a working example containing the code snippets in this guide.

Avoid side effects

Evaluation of a template expression should have no visible side effects. Use the syntax for template expressions to help avoid side effects. In general, the correct syntax prevents you from assigning a value to anything in a property binding expression. The syntax also prevents you from using increment and decrement operators.

An example of producing side effects

If you had an expression that changed the value of something else that you were binding to, that change of value would be a side effect. Angular might or might not display the changed value. If Angular does detect the change, it throws an error.

As a best practice, use only properties and methods that return values.

Return the proper type

A template expression should result in the type of value that the target property expects. For example, return:

  • a string, if the target property expects a string
  • a number, if it expects a number
  • an object, if it expects an object.

Passing in a string

In the following example, the childItem property of the ItemDetailComponent expects a string.

<app-item-detail [childItem]="parentItem"></app-item-detail>

Confirm this expectation by looking in the ItemDetailComponent where the @Input() type is string:

@Input() childItem = '';

The parentItem in AppComponent is a string, which means that the expression, parentItem within [childItem]="parentItem", evaluates to a string.

parentItem = 'lamp';

If parentItem were some other type, you would need to specify childItem @Input() as that type as well.

Passing in an object

In this example, ItemListComponent is a child component of AppComponent and the items property expects an array of objects.

<app-item-list [items]="currentItems"></app-item-list>

In the ItemListComponent the @Input(), items, has a type of Item[].

@Input() items: Item[] = [];

Notice that Item is an object and it has two properties, an id and a name.

export interface Item {
  id: number;
  name: string;

In app.component.ts, currentItems is an array of objects in the same shape as the Item object in items.ts, with an id and a name.

currentItems = [{
  id: 21,
  name: 'phone'

By supplying an object in the same shape, you meet the expectations of items when Angular evaluates the expression currentItems.

Last reviewed on Mon Feb 28 2022

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