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@media.aspect-ratio

The aspect-ratio CSS media feature can be used to test the aspect ratio of the viewport.

Syntax

The aspect-ratio feature is specified as a <ratio> value representing the width-to-height aspect ratio of the viewport. It is a range feature, meaning you can also use the prefixed min-aspect-ratio and max-aspect-ratio variants to query minimum and maximum values, respectively.

Examples

The example below is contained in an <iframe>, which creates its own viewport. Resize the <iframe> to see aspect-ratio in action.

Note that, when none of the media query conditions are true, the background will turn white because none of the below rules will be applied to the <div> inside the <iframe>. See if you can find which width and height values trigger this!

HTML

<div id='inner'>
  Watch this element as you resize your viewport's width and height.
</div>

CSS

/* Minimum aspect ratio */
@media (min-aspect-ratio: 8/5) {
  div {
    background: #9af; /* blue */
  }
}

/* Maximum aspect ratio */
@media (max-aspect-ratio: 3/2) {
  div {
    background: #9ff;  /* cyan */
  }
}

/* Exact aspect ratio, put it at the bottom to avoid override*/
@media (aspect-ratio: 1/1) {
  div {
    background: #f9a; /* red */
  }
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Media Queries Level 4
The definition of 'aspect-ratio' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation No change.
Media Queries
The definition of 'aspect-ratio' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
aspect-ratio media feature 3 12 3.5 9 10 5
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
aspect-ratio media feature ≤37 18 4 10.1 4.2 1.0

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https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/@media/aspect-ratio