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@media.orientation

The orientation CSS media feature can be used to test the orientation of the viewport (or the page box, for paged media).

Note: This feature does not correspond to device orientation. Opening the soft keyboard on many devices in portrait orientation will cause the viewport to become wider than it is tall, thereby causing the browser to use landscape styles instead of portrait.

Syntax

The orientation feature is specified as a keyword value chosen from the list below.

Keyword values

portrait
The viewport is in a portrait orientation, i.e., the height is greater than or equal to the width.
landscape
The viewport is in a landscape orientation, i.e., the width is greater than the height.

Examples

HTML

<div>Box 1</div>
<div>Box 2</div>
<div>Box 3</div>

CSS

body {
  display: flex;
}

div {
  background: yellow;
}

@media (orientation: landscape) {
  body {
    flex-direction: row;
  }
}

@media (orientation: portrait) {
  body {
    flex-direction: column;
  }
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Media Queries Level 4
The definition of 'orientation' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation No change.
Media Queries
The definition of 'orientation' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
orientation media feature 3 12 2 9 10.6 5
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
orientation media feature ≤37 18 4 11 4.2 1.0

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/@media/orientation