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Atomics.compareExchange()

The static Atomics.compareExchange() method exchanges a given replacement value at a given position in the array, if a given expected value equals the old value. It returns the old value at that position whether it was equal to the expected value or not. This atomic operation guarantees that no other write happens until the modified value is written back.

Syntax

Atomics.compareExchange(typedArray, index, expectedValue, replacementValue)

Parameters

typedArray

An integer typed array. One of Int8Array, Uint8Array, Int16Array, Uint16Array, Int32Array, Uint32Array, BigInt64Array, or BigUint64Array.

index

The position in the typedArray to exchange a value.

expectedValue

The value to check for equality.

replacementValue

The number to exchange.

Return value

The old value at the given position (typedArray[index]).

Exceptions

  • Throws a TypeError, if typedArray is not one of the allowed integer types.
  • Throws a RangeError, if index is out of bounds in the typedArray.

Examples

Using compareExchange()

const sab = new SharedArrayBuffer(1024);
const ta = new Uint8Array(sab);
ta[0] = 7;

Atomics.compareExchange(ta, 0, 7, 12); // returns 7, the old value
Atomics.load(ta, 0); // 12

Specifications

Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile Server
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet Deno Node.js
compareExchange
68
60-63
Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This was a temporary removal while mitigations were put in place.
79
16-17
78
57
Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
55-57
46-55
No
No
10.1-11.1
60-63
Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
60-63
Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
57
Support was disabled by default to mitigate speculative execution side-channel attacks (Mozilla Security Blog).
55-57
46-55
No
10.3-11.3
No
Chrome disabled SharedArrayBuffer on January 5, 2018 to help reduce the efficacy of speculative side-channel attacks. This is intended as a temporary measure until other mitigations are in place.
1.0
8.10.0

See also

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Atomics/compareExchange