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Template statements

Template statements are methods or properties that you can use in your HTML to respond to user events. With template statements, your application can engage users through actions such as displaying dynamic content or submitting forms.

See the Template syntax for the syntax and code snippets in this guide.

In the following example, the template statement deleteHero() appears in quotes to the right of the = symbol as in (event)="statement".

<button (click)="deleteHero()">Delete hero</button>

When the user clicks the Delete hero button, Angular calls the deleteHero() method in the component class.

Use template statements with elements, components, or directives in response to events.

Responding to events is an aspect of Angular's unidirectional data flow. You can change anything in your application during a single event loop.

Syntax

Like template expressions, template statements use a language that looks like JavaScript. However, the parser for template statements differs from the parser for template expressions. In addition, the template statements parser specifically supports both basic assignment, =, and chaining expressions with semicolons, ;.

The following JavaScript and template expression syntax is not allowed:

  • new
  • increment and decrement operators, ++ and --
  • operator assignment, such as += and -=
  • the bitwise operators, such as | and &
  • the pipe operator

Statement context

Statements have a context—a particular part of the application to which the statement belongs.

Statements can refer only to what's in the statement context, which is typically the component instance. For example, deleteHero() of (click)="deleteHero()" is a method of the component in the following snippet.

<button (click)="deleteHero()">Delete hero</button>

The statement context may also refer to properties of the template's own context. In the following example, the component's event handling method, onSave() takes the template's own $event object as an argument. On the next two lines, the deleteHero() method takes a template input variable, hero, and onSubmit() takes a template reference variable, #heroForm.

<button (click)="onSave($event)">Save</button>
<button *ngFor="let hero of heroes" (click)="deleteHero(hero)">{{hero.name}}</button>
<form #heroForm (ngSubmit)="onSubmit(heroForm)"> ... </form>

In this example, the context of the $event object, hero, and #heroForm is the template.

Template context names take precedence over component context names. In the preceding deleteHero(hero), the hero is the template input variable, not the component's hero property.

Statement best practices

  • Conciseness

    Use method calls or basic property assignments to keep template statements minimal.

  • Work within the context

    The context of a template statement can be the component class instance or the template. Because of this, template statements cannot refer to anything in the global namespace such as window or document. For example, template statements can't call console.log() or Math.max().

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https://angular.io/guide/template-statements