Defined in header <locale>
wide_string from_bytes( char byte );
wide_string from_bytes( const char* ptr );
wide_string from_bytes( const byte_string& str );
wide_string from_bytes( const char* first, const char* last);

Performs multibyte to wide conversion, using the codecvt facet supplied at construction.

1) Converts byte as if it was a string of length 1 to wide_string.

2) Converts the null-terminated multibyte character sequence beginning at the character pointed to by ptr to wide_string.

3) Converts the narrow string str to wide_string.

4) Converts the narrow multibyte character sequence [firstlast) to wide_string.

In all cases, the conversion begins in initial shift state, unless non-initial starting state was provided to this wstring_convert constructor. The number of characters converted and the final value of the conversion state are remembered and can be accessed with state() and converted().

Return value

A wide_string object containing the results of multibyte to wide conversion. If the conversion failed and there was a user-supplied wide-error string provided to the constructor of this wstring_convert, returns that wide-error string.


If this wstring_convert object was constructed without a user-supplied wide-error string, throws std::range_error on conversion failure.


#include <codecvt>
#include <cstdint>
#include <iostream>
#include <locale>
#include <string>
int main()
    std::string utf8 = "z\u00df\u6c34\U0001d10b"; // or u8"zß水𝄋"
                           // or "\x7a\xc3\x9f\xe6\xb0\xb4\xf0\x9d\x84\x8b";
    // the UTF-8 / UTF-16 standard conversion facet
    std::u16string utf16 = std::wstring_convert<
        std::codecvt_utf8_utf16<char16_t>, char16_t>{}.from_bytes(utf8.data());
    std::cout << "UTF-16 conversion produced " << utf16.size()
              << " code units: " << std::showbase;
    for (char16_t c : utf16)
        std::cout << std::hex << static_cast<std::uint16_t>(c) << ' ';
    // the UTF-8 / UTF-32 standard conversion facet
    std::u32string utf32 = std::wstring_convert<
        std::codecvt_utf8<char32_t>, char32_t>{}.from_bytes(utf8);
    std::cout << "\nUTF-32 conversion produced " << std::dec
              << utf32.size() << " code units: ";
    for (char32_t c : utf32)
        std::cout << std::hex << static_cast<std::uint32_t>(c) << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';


UTF-16 conversion produced 5 code units: 0x7a 0xdf 0x6c34 0xd834 0xdd0b
UTF-32 conversion produced 4 code units: 0x7a 0xdf 0x6c34 0x1d10b

See also

converts a wide string into a byte string
(public member function)
converts a narrow multibyte character string to wide string, given state
converts a string from ExternT to InternT, such as when reading from file
(virtual protected member function of std::codecvt<InternT,ExternT,StateT>)

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