Defined in header <memory>
template< class T >
T* addressof( T& arg ) noexcept;
(since C++11)
(until C++17)
template< class T >
constexpr T* addressof( T& arg ) noexcept;
(since C++17)
template< class T >
const T* addressof( const T&& ) = delete;
(2) (since C++17)
1) Obtains the actual address of the object or function arg, even in presence of overloaded operator&.
2) Rvalue overload is deleted to prevent taking the address of const rvalues.

The expression std::addressof(e) is a constant subexpression, if e is an lvalue constant subexpression.

(since C++17)


arg - lvalue object or function

Return value

Pointer to arg.

Possible implementation

The implementation below is not constexpr, because reinterpret_cast is not usable in a constant expression. Compiler support is needed (see below).

template<class T>
typename std::enable_if<std::is_object<T>::value, T*>::type addressof(T& arg) noexcept
    return reinterpret_cast<T*>(
                   reinterpret_cast<const volatile char&>(arg)));
template<class T>
typename std::enable_if<!std::is_object<T>::value, T*>::type addressof(T& arg) noexcept
    return &arg;

Correct implementation of this function requires compiler support: GNU libstdc++, LLVM libc++, Microsoft STL.


Feature-test macro Value Std Comment
__cpp_lib_addressof_constexpr 201603L (C++17) constexpr std::addressof


operator& may be overloaded for a pointer wrapper class to obtain a pointer to pointer:

#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
template<class T>
struct Ptr
    T* pad; // add pad to show difference between 'this' and 'data'
    T* data;
    Ptr(T* arg) : pad(nullptr), data(arg)
        std::cout << "Ctor this = " << this << '\n';
    ~Ptr() { delete data; }
    T** operator&() { return &data; }
template<class T>
void f(Ptr<T>* p)
    std::cout << "Ptr   overload called with p = " << p << '\n';
void f(int** p)
    std::cout << "int** overload called with p = " << p << '\n';
int main()
    Ptr<int> p(new int(42));
    f(&p);                // calls int** overload
    f(std::addressof(p)); // calls Ptr<int>* overload, (= this)

Possible output:

Ctor this = 0x7fff59ae6e88
int** overload called with p = 0x7fff59ae6e90
Ptr   overload called with p = 0x7fff59ae6e88

See also

the default allocator
(class template)
obtains a dereferenceable pointer to its argument
(public static member function of std::pointer_traits<Ptr>)

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