Defined in header <any>
class any;
(since C++17)

The class any describes a type-safe container for single values of any copy constructible type.

1) An object of class any stores an instance of any type that satisfies the constructor requirements or is empty, and this is referred to as the state of the class any object. The stored instance is called the contained object. Two states are equivalent if they are either both empty or if both are not empty and if the contained objects are equivalent.
2) The non-member any_cast functions provide type-safe access to the contained object.

Implementations are encouraged to avoid dynamic allocations for small objects, but such an optimization may only be applied to types for which std::is_nothrow_move_constructible returns true.

Member functions

constructs an any object
(public member function)
assigns an any object
(public member function)
destroys an any object
(public member function)
change the contained object, constructing the new object directly
(public member function)
destroys contained object
(public member function)
swaps two any objects
(public member function)
checks if object holds a value
(public member function)
returns the typeid of the contained value
(public member function)

Non-member functions

specializes the std::swap algorithm
type-safe access to the contained object
(function template)
creates an any object
(function template)

Helper classes

exception thrown by the value-returning forms of any_cast on a type mismatch


Feature-test macro Value Std Comment
__cpp_lib_any 201606L (C++17) std::any


#include <any>
#include <iostream>
int main()
    std::cout << std::boolalpha;
    // any type
    std::any a = 1;
    std::cout << a.type().name() << ": " << std::any_cast<int>(a) << '\n';
    a = 3.14;
    std::cout << a.type().name() << ": " << std::any_cast<double>(a) << '\n';
    a = true;
    std::cout << a.type().name() << ": " << std::any_cast<bool>(a) << '\n';
    // bad cast
        a = 1;
        std::cout << std::any_cast<float>(a) << '\n';
    catch (const std::bad_any_cast& e)
        std::cout << e.what() << '\n';
    // has value
    a = 2;
    if (a.has_value())
        std::cout << a.type().name() << ": " << std::any_cast<int>(a) << '\n';
    // reset
    if (!a.has_value())
        std::cout << "no value\n";
    // pointer to contained data
    a = 3;
    int* i = std::any_cast<int>(&a);
    std::cout << *i << '\n';

Possible output:

int: 1
double: 3.14
bool: true
bad any_cast
int: 2
no value

See also

wraps callable object of any copy constructible type with specified function call signature
(class template)
wraps callable object of any type with specified function call signature
(class template)
a type-safe discriminated union
(class template)
a wrapper that may or may not hold an object
(class template)

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