Defined in header <type_traits>
template< class T >
struct has_virtual_destructor;
(since C++11)

If T is a type with a virtual destructor, provides the member constant value equal to true. For any other type, value is false.

If T is a non-union class type, T shall be a complete type; otherwise, the behavior is undefined.

The behavior of a program that adds specializations for has_virtual_destructor or has_virtual_destructor_v (since C++17) is undefined.

Template parameters

T - a type to check

Helper variable template

template< class T >
inline constexpr bool has_virtual_destructor_v = has_virtual_destructor<T>::value;
(since C++17)

Inherited from std::integral_constant

Member constants

true if T has a virtual destructor , false otherwise
(public static member constant)

Member functions

operator bool
converts the object to bool, returns value
(public member function)
returns value
(public member function)

Member types

Type Definition
value_type bool
type std::integral_constant<bool, value>


If a class has a public virtual destructor, it can be derived from, and the derived object can be safely deleted through a pointer to the base object (GotW #18). When true, is_polymorphic is true.


#include <iostream>
#include <type_traits>
#include <string>
#include <stdexcept>
int main()
    std::cout << std::boolalpha
              << "std::string has a virtual destructor? "
              << std::has_virtual_destructor<std::string>::value << '\n'
              << "std::runtime_error has a virtual destructor? "
              << std::has_virtual_destructor<std::runtime_error>::value << '\n';


std::string has a virtual destructor? false
std::runtime_error has a virtual destructor? true

See also

checks if a type has a non-deleted destructor
(class template)
checks if a type is a polymorphic class type
(class template)

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