/CSS

# translate3d()

The `translate3d()` CSS function repositions an element in 3D space. Its result is a `<transform-function>` data type.

## Try it

This transformation is characterized by a three-dimensional vector. Its coordinates define how much the element moves in each direction.

## Syntax

```translate3d(tx, ty, tz)
```

### Values

`tx`

Is a `<length>` or `<percentage>` representing the abscissa of the translating vector.

`ty`

Is a `<length>` or `<percentage>` representing the ordinate of the translating vector.

`tz`

Is a `<length>` representing the z component of the translating vector. It can't be a `<percentage>` value; in that case the property containing the transform is considered invalid.

Cartesian coordinates on ℝ^2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ^2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ^3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ^3

This transformation applies to the 3D space and can't be represented on the plane.

A translation is not a linear transformation in ℝ^3 and can't be represented using a Cartesian-coordinate matrix. $\left(\begin{array}{cccc}1& 0& 0& \mathrm{tx}\\ 0& 1& 0& \mathrm{ty}\\ 0& 0& 1& \mathrm{tz}\\ 0& 0& 0& 1\end{array}\right)$

## Examples

### Using a single axis translation

#### HTML

```<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>
```

#### CSS

```div {
width: 60px;
height: 60px;
background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
/* Equivalent to perspective(500px) translateX(10px) */
transform: perspective(500px) translate3d(10px, 0, 0px);
background-color: pink;
}
```

### Combining z-axis and x-axis translation

#### HTML

```<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>
```

#### CSS

```div {
width: 60px;
height: 60px;
background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
transform: perspective(500px) translate3d(10px, 0, 100px);
background-color: pink;
}
```

## Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
`translate3d`
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