/TensorFlow 2.3


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Just your regular densely-connected NN layer.

Inherits From: Layer

Dense implements the operation: output = activation(dot(input, kernel) + bias) where activation is the element-wise activation function passed as the activation argument, kernel is a weights matrix created by the layer, and bias is a bias vector created by the layer (only applicable if use_bias is True).

Note: If the input to the layer has a rank greater than 2, then Dense computes the dot product between the inputs and the kernel along the last axis of the inputs and axis 1 of the kernel (using tf.tensordot). For example, if input has dimensions (batch_size, d0, d1), then we create a kernel with shape (d1, units), and the kernel operates along axis 2 of the input, on every sub-tensor of shape (1, 1, d1) (there are batch_size * d0 such sub-tensors). The output in this case will have shape (batch_size, d0, units).

Besides, layer attributes cannot be modified after the layer has been called once (except the trainable attribute).


# Create a `Sequential` model and add a Dense layer as the first layer.
model = tf.keras.models.Sequential()
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Dense(32, activation='relu'))
# Now the model will take as input arrays of shape (None, 16)
# and output arrays of shape (None, 32).
# Note that after the first layer, you don't need to specify
# the size of the input anymore:
(None, 32)
units Positive integer, dimensionality of the output space.
activation Activation function to use. If you don't specify anything, no activation is applied (ie. "linear" activation: a(x) = x).
use_bias Boolean, whether the layer uses a bias vector.
kernel_initializer Initializer for the kernel weights matrix.
bias_initializer Initializer for the bias vector.
kernel_regularizer Regularizer function applied to the kernel weights matrix.
bias_regularizer Regularizer function applied to the bias vector.
activity_regularizer Regularizer function applied to the output of the layer (its "activation").
kernel_constraint Constraint function applied to the kernel weights matrix.
bias_constraint Constraint function applied to the bias vector.

Input shape:

N-D tensor with shape: (batch_size, ..., input_dim). The most common situation would be a 2D input with shape (batch_size, input_dim).

Output shape:

N-D tensor with shape: (batch_size, ..., units). For instance, for a 2D input with shape (batch_size, input_dim), the output would have shape (batch_size, units).

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0.
Code samples licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.