The scaleZ() CSS function defines a transformation that resizes an element along the z-axis. Its result is a <transform-function> data type.

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This scaling transformation modifies the z-coordinate of each element point by a constant factor, except when the scale factor is 1, in which case the function is the identity transform. The scaling is not isotropic, and the angles of the element are not conserved. scaleZ(-1) defines an axial symmetry, with the z-axis passing through the origin (as specified by the transform-origin property).

In the above interactive examples, perspective: 550px; (to create a 3D space) and transform-style: preserve-3d; (so the children, the 6 sides of the cube, are also positioned in the 3D space), have been set on the cube.

Note: scaleZ(sz) is equivalent to scale3d(1, 1, sz).





Is a <number> representing the scaling factor to apply on the z-coordinate of each point of the element.

Cartesian coordinates on ℝ^2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ^2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ^3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ^3
This transformation applies to the 3D space and can't be represented on the plane. ( 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 s ) ( 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 s 0 0 0 0 1 )



<div class="perspective">Translated</div>
<div class="scaled-translated">Scaled</div>


div {
  width: 80px;
  height: 80px;
  background-color: skyblue;

.perspective {
  /* Includes a perspective to create a 3D space */
  transform: perspective(400px) translateZ(-100px);
  background-color: limegreen;

.scaled-translated {
  /* Includes a perspective to create a 3D space */
  transform: perspective(400px) scaleZ(2) translateZ(-100px);
  background-color: pink;



Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
scaleZ 12 12 10 10 15 4 3 18 10 14 3.2 1.0

See also

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