The perspective CSS property determines the distance between the z=0 plane and the user in order to give a 3D-positioned element some perspective.

Try it


/* Keyword value */
perspective: none;

/* <length> values */
perspective: 20px;
perspective: 3.5em;

/* Global values */
perspective: inherit;
perspective: initial;
perspective: revert;
perspective: revert-layer;
perspective: unset;



Indicates that no perspective transform is to be applied.


A <length> giving the distance from the user to the z=0 plane. It is used to apply a perspective transform to the children of the element. Negative values are syntax errors. If the value is smaller than 1px, it is clamped to 1px.


Each 3D element with z>0 becomes larger; each 3D-element with z<0 becomes smaller. The strength of the effect is determined by the value of this property. Large values of perspective cause a small transformation; small values of perspective cause a large transformation.

The parts of the 3D elements that are behind the user — i.e. their z-axis coordinates are greater than the value of the perspective CSS property — are not drawn.

The vanishing point is by default placed at the center of the element, but its position can be changed using the perspective-origin property.

Using this property with a value other than none creates a new stacking context. Also, in that case, the object will act as a containing block for position: fixed elements that it contains.

Formal definition

Initial value none
Applies to transformable elements
Inherited no
Computed value the absolute length or none
Animation type a length
Creates stacking context yes

Formal syntax

perspective = 
none |
<length [0,∞]>


Setting perspective

An example showing how a cube varies if the perspective is set at different positions is given in Using CSS transforms > Setting perspective.


Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
perspective 3612 1212 491610 10 2315 94 4.43 3618 491610 2414 92 3.01.0

See also

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