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scale

The scale CSS property allows you to specify scale transforms individually and independently of the transform property. This maps better to typical user interface usage, and saves having to remember the exact order of transform functions to specify in the transform value.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
scale: none;

/* Single values */
/* values of more than 1 make the element grow */
scale: 2;
/* values of less than 1 make the element shrink */
scale: 0.5;

/* Two values */
scale: 2 0.5;

/* Three values */
scale: 2 0.5 2;

Values

Single number value
A <number> specifying a scale factor to make the affected element scale by the same factor along both the X and Y axes. Equivalent to a scale() (2D scaling) function with a single value specified.
Two length/percentage values
Two <number>s that specify the X and Y axis scaling values (respectively) of a 2D scale. Equivalent to a scale() (2D scaling) function with two values specified.
Three length/percentage values
Three <number>s that specify the X, Y, and Z axis scaling values (respectively) of a 3D scale. Equivalent to a scale3d() (3D scaling) function.
none
Specifies that no scaling should be applied.

Formal definition

Initial value none
Applies to transformable elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animation type a transform
Creates stacking context yes

Formal syntax

none | <number>{1,3}

Examples

Scaling an element on hover

HTML

<div>
  <p class="scale">Scaling</p>
</div>

CSS

* {
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

html {
  font-family: sans-serif;
}

div {
  width: 150px;
  margin: 0 auto;
}

p {
  padding: 10px 5px;
  border: 3px solid black;
  border-radius: 20px;
  width: 150px;
  font-size: 1.2rem;
  text-align: center;
}

.scale {
  transition: scale 1s;
}

div:hover .scale {
  scale: 2 0.7;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transforms Level 2
The definition of 'individual transforms' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
scale No No 72
72
60 — 72
Disabled
Disabled From version 60 until version 72 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.individual-transform.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No No No
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
scale No No 60
Disabled
60
Disabled
Disabled From version 60: this feature is behind the layout.css.individual-transform.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No No No

See also

Note: skew is not an independent transform value

© 2005–2020 Mozilla and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/scale