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scroll-snap-type

The scroll-snap-type CSS property sets how strictly snap points are enforced on the scroll container in case there is one.

Specifying any precise animations or physics used to enforce those snap points is not covered by this property but instead left up to the user agent.

/* Keyword values */
scroll-snap-type: none;
scroll-snap-type: x;
scroll-snap-type: y;
scroll-snap-type: block;
scroll-snap-type: inline;
scroll-snap-type: both;

/* Optional mandatory | proximity*/
scroll-snap-type: x mandatory;
scroll-snap-type: y proximity;
scroll-snap-type: both mandatory;

/* etc */

/* Global values */
scroll-snap-type: inherit;
scroll-snap-type: initial;
scroll-snap-type: unset;

Syntax

Values

none
When the visual viewport of this scroll container is scrolled, it must ignore snap points.
x
The scroll container snaps to snap positions in its horizontal axis only.
y
The scroll container snaps to snap positions in its vertical axis only.
block
The scroll container snaps to snap positions in its block axis only.
inline
The scroll container snaps to snap positions in its inline axis only.
both
The scroll container snaps to snap positions in both of its axes independently (potentially snapping to different elements in each axis).
mandatory
The visual viewport of this scroll container will rest on a snap point if it isn't currently scrolled. That means it snaps on that point when the scroll action finished, if possible. If content is added, moved, deleted or resized the scroll offset will be adjusted to maintain the resting on that snap point.
proximity
The visual viewport of this scroll container may come to rest on a snap point if it isn't currently scrolled considering the user agent's scroll parameters. If content is added, moved, deleted or resized the scroll offset may be adjusted to maintain the resting on that snap point.

Formal definition

Initial value none
Applies to all elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animation type discrete

Formal syntax

none | [ x | y | block | inline | both ] [ mandatory | proximity ]?

Examples

Snapping in different axes

HTML

<div class="holster">
<div class="container x mandatory-scroll-snapping" dir="ltr">
  <div>X Mand. LTR</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div>3</div>
  <div>4</div>
  <div>5</div>
</div>

<div class="container x proximity-scroll-snapping" dir="ltr">
  <div>X Prox. LTR</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div>3</div>
  <div>4</div>
  <div>5</div>
</div>

<div class="container y mandatory-scroll-snapping" dir="ltr">
  <div>Y Mand. LTR</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div>3</div>
  <div>4</div>
  <div>5</div>
</div>

<div class="container y proximity-scroll-snapping" dir="ltr">
  <div>Y Prox. LTR</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div>3</div>
  <div>4</div>
  <div>5</div>
</div>

<div class="container x mandatory-scroll-snapping" dir="rtl">
  <div>X Mand. RTL</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div>3</div>
  <div>4</div>
  <div>5</div>
</div>

<div class="container x proximity-scroll-snapping" dir="rtl">
  <div>X Prox. RTL</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div>3</div>
  <div>4</div>
  <div>5</div>
</div>

<div class="container y mandatory-scroll-snapping" dir="rtl">
  <div>Y Mand. RTL</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div>3</div>
  <div>4</div>
  <div>5</div>
</div>

<div class="container y proximity-scroll-snapping" dir="rtl">
  <div>Y Prox. RTL</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div>3</div>
  <div>4</div>
  <div>5</div>
</div>
</div>

CSS

/* setup */
html, body, .holster {
  height: 100%;
}
.holster {
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: space-between;
  flex-flow: column nowrap;
  font-family: monospace;
}

.container {
  display: flex;
  overflow: auto;
  outline: 1px dashed lightgray;
  flex: none;
}

.container.x {
  width: 100%;
  height: 128px;
  flex-flow: row nowrap;
}

.container.y {
  width: 256px;
  height: 256px;
  flex-flow: column nowrap;
}
/* scroll-snap */
.x.mandatory-scroll-snapping {
  scroll-snap-type: x mandatory;
}

.y.mandatory-scroll-snapping {
  scroll-snap-type: y mandatory;
}

.x.proximity-scroll-snapping {
  scroll-snap-type: x proximity;
}

.y.proximity-scroll-snapping {
  scroll-snap-type: y proximity;
}

.container > div {
  text-align: center;
  scroll-snap-align: center;
  flex: none;
}

.x.container > div {
  line-height: 128px;
  font-size: 64px;
  width: 100%;
  height: 128px;
}

.y.container > div {
  line-height: 256px;
  font-size: 128px;
  width: 256px;
  height: 100%;
}
/* appearance fixes */
.y.container > div:first-child {
  line-height: 1.3;
  font-size: 64px;
}
/* coloration */
.container > div:nth-child(even) {
  background-color: #87EA87;
}

.container > div:nth-child(odd) {
  background-color: #87CCEA;
}

Results

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Scroll Snap Module Level 1
The definition of 'scroll-snap-type' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
scroll-snap-type 69 12
Prefixed
12
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -ms-
Edge supports an earlier draft of CSS Scroll Snap without axis values.
68
68
39 — 68
An earlier draft of CSS Scroll Snap without axis values.
10
Prefixed
10
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -ms-
Internet Explorer supports an earlier draft of CSS Scroll Snap without axis values.
56 11
11
9
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Older Safari versions support an earlier draft of CSS Scroll Snap without axis values.
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
scroll-snap-type 69 69 68
68
39 — 68
An earlier draft of CSS Scroll Snap without axis values.
48 11
11
9
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Older Safari versions support an earlier draft of CSS Scroll Snap without axis values.
10.0

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/scroll-snap-type