The text-orientation CSS property sets the orientation of the text characters in a line. It only affects text in vertical mode (when writing-mode is not horizontal-tb). It is useful for controlling the display of languages that use vertical script, and also for making vertical table headers.

Try it


/* Keyword values */
text-orientation: mixed;
text-orientation: upright;
text-orientation: sideways-right;
text-orientation: sideways;
text-orientation: use-glyph-orientation;

/* Global values */
text-orientation: inherit;
text-orientation: initial;
text-orientation: revert;
text-orientation: revert-layer;
text-orientation: unset;

The text-orientation property is specified as a single keyword from the list below.



Rotates the characters of horizontal scripts 90° clockwise. Lays out the characters of vertical scripts naturally. Default value.


Lays out the characters of horizontal scripts naturally (upright), as well as the glyphs for vertical scripts. Note that this keyword causes all characters to be considered as left-to-right: the used value of direction is forced to be ltr.


Causes characters to be laid out as they would be horizontally, but with the whole line rotated 90° clockwise.


An alias to sideways that is kept for compatibility purposes.


On SVG elements, this keyword leads to use the value of the deprecated SVG properties glyph-orientation-vertical and glyph-orientation-horizontal.

Formal definition

Initial value mixed
Applies to all elements, except table row groups, rows, column groups, and columns
Inherited yes
Computed value as specified
Animation type discrete

Formal syntax

text-orientation = 
mixed |
upright |



<p>Lorem ipsum dolet semper quisquam.</p>


p {
  writing-mode: vertical-rl;
  text-orientation: upright;



Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
text-orientation 4811 7979 41 No 3515 145.1 48≤37 4818 41 3514 145 5.01.0
sideways No No
44sideways-right has become an alias of sideways.
No No 7 No No
44sideways-right has become an alias of sideways.
No 7 No

See also

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