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text-orientation

The text-orientation CSS property sets the orientation of the text characters in a line. It only affects text in vertical mode (when writing-mode is not horizontal-tb). It is useful for controlling the display of languages that use vertical script, and also for making vertical table headers.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
text-orientation: mixed;
text-orientation: upright;
text-orientation: sideways-right;
text-orientation: sideways;
text-orientation: use-glyph-orientation;

/* Global values */
text-orientation: inherit;
text-orientation: initial;
text-orientation: unset;

The text-orientation property is specified as a single keyword from the list below.

Values

mixed
Rotates the characters of horizontal scripts 90° clockwise. Lays out the characters of vertical scripts naturally. Default value.
upright
Lays out the characters of horizontal scripts naturally (upright), as well as the glyphs for vertical scripts. Note that this keyword causes all characters to be considered as left-to-right: the used value of direction is forced to be ltr.
sideways
Causes characters to be laid out as they would be horizontally, but with the whole line rotated 90° clockwise.
sideways-right
An alias to sideways that is kept for compatibility purposes.
use-glyph-orientation
On SVG elements, this keyword leads to use the value of the deprecated SVG properties glyph-orientation-vertical and glyph-orientation-horizontal.

Formal definition

Initial value mixed
Applies to all elements, except table row groups, rows, column groups, and columns
Inherited yes
Computed value as specified
Animation type discrete

Formal syntax

mixed | upright | sideways

Examples

HTML

<p>Lorem ipsum dolet semper quisquam.</p>

CSS

p {
  writing-mode: vertical-rl;
  text-orientation: upright;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Writing Modes Module Level 3
The definition of 'text-orientation' in that specification.
Proposed Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
text-orientation 48
48
11
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
79
79
79
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
41
41
38 — 51
Disabled
Disabled From version 38 until version 51 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.vertical-text.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No 15
Prefixed
15
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
14
14
5.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
sideways No No 44
44
sideways-right has become an alias of sideways.
No No No
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
text-orientation 48
48
≤37
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
48
48
18
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
41
41
38 — 51
Disabled
Disabled From version 38 until version 51 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.vertical-text.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
14
Prefixed
14
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
14
14
5
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
5.0
5.0
1.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
sideways No No 44
44
sideways-right has become an alias of sideways.
No No No

See also

© 2005–2020 Mozilla and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/text-orientation